How long does it take police to arrive at an ASE?
Lewinski, Bill. “How Long Does It Take Police to Arrive at an ASE?”. 2013. Web. Download Source
The median law enforcement response time after the initial report of an ASE during Blair's study period was three minutes. The median time from first report to the event ending was also three minutes. By nine minutes, the vast majority of assailants (73%) have stopped shooting. Where events last longer, it generally is because the suspect stopped shooting but barricaded himself or fled the scene.
What weapons are use in Active Shooter Events (ASE)?
Lewinski, Bill. “What Weapons Are Use in Active Shooter Events (ASE)?”. 2013. Web. Download Source
A pistol was the most popular weapon used in the majority" (60%) of ASEs, Rifles were the next most popular weapon, deployed in 27% of attacks. In about 40% of cases, shooters carried multiple weapons. Only 2% brought explosives to the attack location.
How much planning goes into a Active Shooter Event?
Lewinski, Bill. “How Much Planning Goes into a Active Shooter Event?”. 2013. Web. Download Source
While all shootings studied involved "some planning," only 35% of shooters engaged in "extensive planning," that is, preparation beyond just acquiring weapons and ammunition. This included "obtaining or drawing diagrams of the attack location, possessing a 'hit list,' wearing body armor, or acquiring the equipment/supplies needed to trap victims in the location or slow law enforcement response,...preparing a manifesto, blogging about the attack, or developing a media kit.
How do Active Shooter Events conclude?
Lewinski, Bill. “How Do Active Shooter Events Conclude?”. 2013. Web. Download Source
In 43% of the time the shooting had ended before LEOs arrived. In about half of those incidents, the suspect killed himself. About 4% of the time, he fled. In the remaining cases, people on the scene subdued or shot the shooter.
Where do Active Shooter Events occur?
Lewinski, Bill. “Where Do Active Shooter Events Occur?”. Force Science Institute 2013. Web. Download Source
Active shooter events (ASEs) were most likely (37%) to erupt in a business setting (factory, warehouse, office, retail outlet), followed closely by schools (34%). About 17% occurred outdoors in "public venues." About 20% of attackers went mobile, either walking or driving to a different location to continue their attack. In nearly 40% of cases, the shooters had no apparent relationship to the shooting locations(s).
Police officers do not use force 99.9639% of the time
Johnson, Jeffry. “Police Officers Do Not Use Force 99.9639% of the Time”. 2007. Web. Download Source
The fact is, police rarely use force. Statistics show that nationwide, police officers use force at a rate of 3.61 times per 10,000 calls for service to the public.13 Put another way, police officers do not use force 99.9639% of the time.
Firearms cannot knock a person down
Johnson, Jeffry. “Firearms Cannot Knock a Person Down”. 2007. Web. Download Source
Bullet velocities and impact power, i.e. “stopping power” of a 9mm bullet at muzzle velocity is equal to a one-pound weight (e.g., baseball) being dropped from the height of six feet. A .45 ACP bullet impact would equal that same object dropped from 11.4 feet.