augh words

For some of these words the voiceless velar fricative [x] (as in Scots dialect loch ) was lost, and for others it became [f]. In either case the diphthong became a monophthong. The [f], when present, had a subsequent effect on the pronunciation of the vowel.

Middle English sound ME spelling ModE spelling ModE sound


[aʊx]

aught
slaughter

laugh
draught

aught
slaughter
[ɔ] or [ɑ]
laugh
draught, draft
[æf] or [ɑf]
 

 The voiceless velar fricative [x], as heard in the Scots dialect pronunciation of loch , is sounded with the middle-and-back of the tongue raised to the rear of the oral cavity.