The so-called ‘Flammarion Engraving’ is a wood engraving, so named because its first documented appearance is in Camille Flammarion’s 1888 book L’atmosphère: météorologie populaire. It depicts a man, clothed in a long robe and carrying a walking stick, who kneels down and passes his head, shoulders, and right arm through a gap between the star-studded sky and the earth, discovering a marvelous realm of circling clouds, fires and suns beyond the heavens.
Competing cultures of extravagance and economy that guided Renaissance printers are embodied in the materials of broadside flap anatomies. The earliest such prints were designed and printed in 1538 by Heinrich Vogtherr. These large woodcuts illustrated human anatomy by allowing the user to lift superimposed paper flaps to see inside the female body. Often brightly hand colored, these novel interactive prints could be marketed to both literate and illiterate viewers familiar with learning through a combination of metaphor and image.