ABSTRACT: Humanities in these days are facing a major crisis. The programs in art and sciences have been nearly cut away from from school/universities programs in virtually all countries of the world. Their methods are considered "unscientific", their results useless, the value they put forward old fashioned or unfit for the contemporary technological and business-oriented society. A recent scientist manifesto published on the New Republic by Steven Pinker is a plea to humanists for converting to scientific method.
In a scroll known as Rokugei no zu painted in 1847 and now held in the National Diet Library of Japan, there is a fascinating side view of a right whale (Eubalaena japonica) showing the disposition of its internal organs. The importation of Dutch medical texts into Japan led to a new understanding of human internal anatomy and thus new ways of depicting the human body during the Edo period (1603-1868). But how did this study of Western medical texts and illustrations lead to anatomical drawings of whales?