Final grades will be a weighted average of the replication paper (or final exam), weekly problem sets, and participation.  (There will be no final exam.)

"Participation'' includes preparing for and joining in the discussion in class, making a serious effort to contribute to the discussion queries on Canvas, and finding other ways of helping your classmates learn more.  Finally, since everyone learns more when more connections exist among students, finding ways to help build class camaraderie will also count as part of participation and be very much appreciated by us!