Rose-Ackerman S. Political corruption and democratic structures. In: Vol. The Political Economy of Corruption. Arvind K. Jain. New York: Routledge; 2001. pp. 35-62.
Abstract:Democratic elections are not necessarily a cure for corruption. Instead, some electoral systems are more vulnerable to special interest influence than others. If narrow groups wield power, some groups use legal means, and others are corrupt. The choice of tactics can be influenced by the nature of the political system. In all democracies competitive elections help limit corruption because opposition candidates have an incentive to expose corrupt incumbents. However, the voting rules used to select the legislature, the existence of a separately elected president, and the need to finance political campaigns introduce incentives to favor special interests that do not exist in autocratic regimes.