The Cold War International History ProjectFederation of American ScientistsSoros Foundation Open Society ArchivesFondazione Istituto GramsciBrookings Institute U.S. Nuclear Weapons Cost Study ProjectNatural Resources Defense CouncilNational Security ArchiveYale Russian Archive Project
The Cold War International History Project
(CWIHP) was established at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C., in 1991 with the generous support of
the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The project supports the full and prompt release of historical materials by governments
on all sides of the Cold War, and seeks to disseminate new information and perspectives on Cold War history emerging
from previously inaccessible sources on "the other side" -- the former Communist bloc. This web site is the latest initiative
taken by CWIHP to make available these documents.
Federation of American Scientists
Through research, advocacy, and public education, the Project on Government Secrecy works to challenge excessive government
secrecy and to promote public oversight. The Project supports journalists and fosters enhanced public awareness of secrecy
issues through publication of the Secrecy & Government Bulletin. In the current year, the Project is working in particular towards
a favorable resolution of the various secrecy reform initiatives and their successful implementation.
Soros Foundation Open Society Archives
The Open Society Archives has three missions: to obtain, preserve and make available research resources for the study of communism
and the Cold War, particularly in Central and Eastern Europe, and for the study of twentieth and twenty-first century issues
of human rights; to provide information, records and archival services for all parts of the Soros Foundations; and to support
and facilitate the philanthropic goals of the Soros Foundations and the research programs of the Institute of Record and the
Central European University.
Brookings Institute U.S. Nuclear Weapons Cost Study Project
Since 1945, the United States has manufactured and deployed more than 70,000 nuclear weapons to deter nuclear war. By 1950, nuclear
weapons were considered relatively inexpensive-"a bigger bang for the buck." The threats, perceived and actual, arising
during the Cold War, and the absence of nuclear war, have led many observers to conclude that the U.S. investment in nuclear
weapons was a prudent insurance policy. Yet, this assumption has never been systematically analyzed. Indeed, scant attention
has been paid to the costs of this enormous effort-at least $4 trillion thus far-and its consequences.
Stalin-Era Research & Archives Project
The Stalin-Era Research and Archives Project (SERAP) is a collaborative, multidisciplinary undertaking based at the Centre for Russian
and East European Studies at the University of Toronto. With support from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
of Canada, the Project seeks to stimulate the reinterpretation of politics and society in the USSR under Stalin through the
use of newly declassified archival materials.
International Institute of Social History
The International Institute of Social History (IISH) was founded in 1935. It is one of the world's largest documentary and research
institutions in the field of social history in general and the history of the labour movement in particular. Most of the collections
are open to the public. The site also containts the ArcheoBiblioBase information system on archival repositories in the Russian Federation,
maintained by Patricia Kennedy Grimsted in collaboration with Rosarkhiv, the Federal Archival Service of Russia.
Natural Resources Defense Council
NRDC uses law, science, and the support of more than 350,000 members nationwide to protect the planet's wildlife and wild
places and to ensure a safe and healthy environment for all living things.
Hoover Institution Archive, Stanford University
The Hoover Institution Archives has acquired an array of approximately 4,500 manuscript and archival collections relating to social,
political, and economic change in the twentieth century. Coverage is global in scope with special area collections on Africa, the
Americas, East Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, as well as Russia/Commonwealth of Independent States.
The Freedom of Information Clearinghouse
The Clearinghouse is a project of Ralph Nader's Center for Study of Responsive Law. We provide technical and legal assistance
to individuals, public interest groups, and the media who seek access to information held by government agencies. We are available
to consult by phone or mail. The Clearinghouse also litigates a select number of cases each year to protect the public's right
to access government information. The Clearinghouse is a nonprofit organization and welcomes your tax deductible contributions.
National Security Archive
The National Security Archive combines a unique range of functions in one non-governmental, non-profit institution. The Archive
is simultaneously a research institute on international affairs, a library and archive of declassified U.S. documents obtained through the Freedom of
Information Act, a public interest law firm defending and expanding public access to government information
through the FOIA, and an indexer and publisher of the documents in books, microfiche, and electronic formats.
The Parallel History Project
The Parallel History Project provides documentation and further information about the development of NATO and
the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War, their mutual threat perceptions and military plans, and their significance for our time.
It presents new evidence from the archives of both NATO and former Warsaw Pact countries with critical commentaries and encourages
declassification of still inaccessible documents.
Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism
The Institute, located at the University of Dresden, seeks to declassify East-German intelligence documents. Also known as the "Gauck Authority." In
Yale Russian Archive Project
The Yale Russian Archive Project (YRAP) will serve as a clearinghouse for information in order to facilitate access to the newly available documents in the archives of the former Soviet Union.
The Miller Center of Public Affairs
The Miller Center of Public Affairs is a non-partisan research center at the University of Virginia that studies the national and international policies of
the United States, with a special focus on American presidents and the presidency.
The Machiavelli Center for Cold War Studies
After many years of close but informal cooperation, in the year 2000 a group of Italian Cold War historians decided to set up a formal arrangement in order to
coordinate their research projects and link their efforts to the international programs studying the same historical period. This led to the creation of an
inter-university center which - when the never-ending bureaucratic procedures are completed - will unite a number of Departments from the Universities of
Florence, Padua, Pavia, Perugia, Roma Tre, and Urbino. The project rotates around the activities of the Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato of the
University of Florence, perhaps the most important Academic institution for international studies in Italy and certainly the core of a large network of
international Academic contacts.
Fondazione Istituto Gramsci
The Fondazione Istituto Gramsci is one of Italy's leading private research and documentation centres for the study of the political
and cultural history of contemporary Italy, the USSR, and the international Communist movement.
The Nuremberg Project
The Rutgers Journal of Law and Religion will be periodically posting documents on the Nuremberg Trials and Nazi war crimes to this site. The documents are part of
the Donovan Collection at the Library of the Cornell University School of Law.
The Niels Bohr Archive
At the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Copies of U.S. government documents from various agencies and departments for sale on CD-ROM.
Danish Institute of International Affairs
Formed in 1995, the Institute conducts research in a number of areas including Danish foreign policy and international security.
British Library Holdings on Hungary
A catalog of British Library holdings on events in Hungary in 1956.