Tractography-Driven Groupwise Multi-scale Parcellation of the Cortex


Sarah Parisot, Salim Arslan, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach, William M Wells III, and Daniel Rueckert. 2015. “Tractography-Driven Groupwise Multi-scale Parcellation of the Cortex.” Inf Process Med Imaging, 24: 600-12.


The analysis of the connectome of the human brain provides key insight into the brain's organisation and function, and its evolution in disease or ageing. Parcellation of the cortical surface into distinct regions in terms of structural connectivity is an essential step that can enable such analysis. The estimation of a stable connectome across a population of healthy subjects requires the estimation of a groupwise parcellation that can capture the variability of the connectome across the population. This problem has solely been addressed in the literature via averaging of connectivity profiles or finding correspondences between individual parcellations a posteriori. In this paper, we propose a groupwise parcellation method of the cortex based on diffusion MR images (dMRI). We borrow ideas from the area of cosegmentation in computer vision and directly estimate a consistent parcellation across different subjects and scales through a spectral clustering approach. The parcellation is driven by the tractography connectivity profiles, and information between subjects and across scales. Promising qualitative and quantitative results on a sizeable data-set demonstrate the strong potential of the method.

Last updated on 02/22/2017