Train Station Area Development Mega-Projects in Europe: Towards a Typology
Written by: Deike Peters with Johannes Novy
"Addressing conceptual and empirical gaps within the field of train station area development (TSAD), this contribution first distinguishes two main perspectives for considering TSAD: one focusing on sustainability, the other on urban competitiveness. Drawing on data from hundreds of projects in Europe, the article then identifies four different TSAD types: strategic integrated; station renaissance; urban development; and transport development. After a discussion of emerging issues (converting terminals into through stations, covering tracks, understanding giga-projets, and synergetic adjacencies), this article concludes that development and decline are still happening simultaneously, with railway's neoliberal rationalization processes leading to upgrading in central, high-profile locations and downgrading and neglect in others."