The aperture problem in contoured stimuli


Kane D, Bex PJ, Dakin SC. The aperture problem in contoured stimuli. Journal of Vision [Internet]. 2009;9 :13 1–17.


A moving object elicits responses from V1 neurons tuned to a broad range of locations, directions, and spatiotemporal frequencies. Global pooling of such signals can overcome their intrinsic ambiguity in relation to the object's direction/speed (the "aperture problem"); here we examine the role of low-spatial frequencies ({SF)} and second-order statistics in this process. Subjects made a {2AFC} fine direction-discrimination judgement of 'naturally' contoured stimuli viewed rigidly translating behind a series of small circular apertures. This configuration allowed us to manipulate the scene by randomly switching which portion of the stimulus was presented behind each aperture or by occluding certain spatial frequency bands. We report that global motion integration is (a) largely insensitive to the second-order statistics of such stimuli and (b) is rigidly broadband even in the presence of a disrupted low {SF} component.