Spatiotemporal visual function in tinted lens wearers


Simmers AJ, Bex PJ, Smith FK, Wilkins AJ. Spatiotemporal visual function in tinted lens wearers. Investigative Ophthalmlogy and Visual Science [Internet]. 2001;42 :879–84.


{PURPOSE.} Tinted lenses have been widely publicized as a successful new treatment for reading disorders and visual stress in children. The present study was designed to investigate a variety of visual deficits reported by children who experience high levels of visual stress and perceptual distortions when reading (Meares-Irlen syndrome; {MIS)} and to assess the improvements in visual comfort they report when tinted lenses are worn. {METHODS.} Twenty children (13.1 +/- 0.9 years of age) were recruited who had successfully worn tinted lenses for at least 6 months and were compared with an age-matched control group (12.6 +/- 2.2 years of age) of 21 children who were not lens wearers. A range of psychophysical tasks was adapted to identify specific anomalous visual perceptions. Spatiotemporal contrast sensitivity and contrast increment thresholds were used to investigate subjective reports of dazzle and hypercontrast, and a minimum motion perception (D(min)) and a motion-coherence task were used to assess subjective reports of visual instability and motion. {RESULTS.} In all viewing conditions (with versus without lens), no selective functional visual loss was demonstrated with any of the tasks used. Psychometric functions also revealed no significant difference between subject groups (control versus {MIS).} {CONCLUSIONS.} Under thorough psychophysical investigation, these results revealed no significant difference in visual function between subject group, and this finding is consistent with the absence of any effect of the tinted lenses in the group with {MIS.}