Indo-European

KEYTERMS

1. A set of key terms for the study of Indo-European languages.

LANGUAGE MAPS

2. This exercise concerns the geographic spread of Indo-European languages. Print out the four pages in this PDF, and follow the instructions on the first page. Bring the completed exercises to your next section.

For those interested, you're welcome to scroll through The Numbers List website and observe many many languages, and perhaps pick out one or two familiar ones, or one that sparks curiousity.

FAMILY TREE

3. How can we represent the genetic relations of Indo-European languages? These exercises take you through two possibilities. Complete exercises 4.7 and 4.8 of this PDF.

COGNATE WORDS

4. Information and an exercise on cognate words across many Indo-European languages. Click here for an exercise to help you understand the relations between languages and families of languages. Instructions for the exercise are included in the PDF. Print the file, write out your answers, and bring the worksheet and your answers to lecture and section.

LISTEN!

5. Two audio clips: the first by an expert reciting an invented story in reconstructed Indo-European; the second gives you today's news in classical Latin.

INDO-EUROPEAN TO GERMANIC

6. An online quiz on the differences between Germanic and other Indo-European languages.

GRIMM'S LAW VIDEO

7. With self-ironizing language-geek humor, this video walks you through the history of Grimm's Law and Verner's Law.

GRIMM'S LAW FLASH PLAYER

8. A multimedia review of the consonant changes known as Grimm's Law and Verner's Law.

GRIMM EXERCISES

9. This exercise asks you to fill in a table showing the changes proto-Indo-European words underwent as they moved toward Modern English.

GERMANIC SAMPLES

10. Four samples from early Germanic languages of the Parable of the Sower.

 

 

Note: for any exercise that asks you to write out something, bring your written work to section.