Music Training is one method that has potential cognitive advantage that can be applied to other domains of learning. Practicing, learning, playing, and performing music clearly involve working memory, concentration, and attention. These exercises can enhance executive functioning. Children trained in one short twenty day study showed a positive correlation with higher intelligence on tests than the control group without the training. These results show possibilities of cognitive enhancement without long term training! (Moreno et al., 2011, p.1429). Children who have been musically trained have better cognitive flexibility and process speed (Zuk et al., 2014, p.7). Adults who practice music show similar results and have better cognitive processing than those that do not Hanna-Pladdy and McKay. Therefore, music training can have potentially developmental and retentional cognitive enhancements in individuals. Below is an illustration of how music training can affect cognition in exciting ways!