Anzen Hoshō Kanrenhō ni Hantai Suru Gakusha no Kai | Association of Scholars Opposed to the Security-related Laws


In 2015, while the Abe administration pushed for security bills to allow Japan to exercise its collective self-defense right, this group was founded by big-name scholars in a large range of fields to oppose the bills. They published several statements, including one that criticized the government for forcing the bills through the Diet. They have also collected signatures from supporters, including university personnel in Japan and foreign countries, on this website. Some of the main organizers: Kobayashi Setsu of Keio University (constitutional studies), Higuchi Yōichi of the Japan Academy (constitutional studies), Mizushima Asaho of Waseda University (constitutional studies), Ueno Chizuko of Tokyo University (sociology), Masukawa Toshihide of Kyoto University (Physics). Even after the security bills were accepted in the Diet, the group has occasionally updated this website to share information about their events or activities. This group made a list of websites of university groups that opposed the security bills throughout Japan, and it is available here.


AICHI Kazuo 

This personal website belongs to Aichi Kazuo, former member of the House of Representatives and the President of National Association for Creating a New Constitution (自主憲法制定国民会議). It offers an original revision draft known as the Aichi Draft. The draft emphasizes the role of the emperor, introduces Japanese culture and spirit in the Preamble, identifies the emperor as the chief of state, defines "Hinomaru (日の丸)" as the national flag and "Kimigayo (君が代)" as the anthem, promotes peaceful resolution of international conflicts, calls for revision of both clauses of Article 9; renames the SDF as a security force; and establishes articles about the environment, rights to privacy, and measures for dealing with national emergency.



Prof. Hasebe of Waseda University is one of the constitutional scholars who strongly opposed the security bills in 2015. The government invited him to the Diet for suggestions on the bills, and he argued that the bills would be unconstitutional. This fueled criticism against the government for pushing the bills in order to legislate Japan’s ability to exercise its collective self-defense right. He is also a founder of Rikken Demokurashī no Kai (立憲デモクラシーの会), a political campaign group that aimed to stop the bills. He regularly uploads his essays to this website.


This personal website made by Kataoka Tetsuya mainly analyzes Japanese national strategy toward the United States and Asia. It also offers Kataoka's views on constitutional revision, which are based on his unique military strategic analysis. (Most of his articles are only available after subscribing his mail-magazine.)



Standing for constitutionalism, Prof. Kimura of Tokyo Metropolitan University (首都大学東京) became one of the leading constitutional scholars who opposed the security bills in 2015. He is a main organizer of Rikken Demokurashī no Kai (立憲デモクラシーの会), a political campaign group that demanded the government withdraw the bills. He answers questions about legal studies from the audience on his website. His essays about the constitution are available on The Okinawa Times and Web Ronza.
This is a personal website created by Mizushima Asaho, a law professor at Waseda University, who supports and publicizes messages on maintaining the present constitution. In addition to his weekly online articles, his website offers unique perspectives on constitutional revision, introductions to his books, and many links to both foreign and domestic websites dealing with the postwar constitution.



Prof. Yamaguchi of the International University of Japan (国際大学) is a statistician. He is known for his study on social media platforms regarding constitutional discussion. According to him, extremists tend to write their opinions more frequently, and the moderate majority keeps quiet because they are afraid of attacks from the extremists on online platforms. Here are some of his articles: AERA (September 8, 2018) and Gendai Bijinesu (November 12, 2018).


This personal website created by Yoshizaki Nobuhiro, a professor at Tokoha University, does not offer any specific perspective on constitutional revision. However, the website contains many valuable links to documents such as the MacArthur Draft of the current constitution (in English), many related Japanese laws (including the Peace Preservation Law), international treaties, foreign constitutions, and historically important laws and publications.