Powell, Bill. “Japan Rethinks Its Pacifist Constitution, Alarming Its Neighbors.” Newsweek 163 (2014).Abstract
    Over the years, as Japan boomed economically, men like former Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi have tried to boost Tokyo's military without violating the constitution. [...]in 1960--in the face of bitter opposition from the Japanese left (then a much more potent force politically than it is today)--Kishi struck the U.S. Japan Security Treaty with Washington, binding Tokyo to an active role in self-defense during the Cold War.