「世論調査」(Japanese: Live Site)｜[Public Opinion Polls]
The Asahi Shimbun publishes public opinion polls they have conducted online. On the top of the page, they visualize changes in PM Abe’s approval/disapproval rating over time. We can compare the results among different genders and ages. They have held surveys specifically focusing on the constitution, such as “今の政治と憲法への見方 [Current Politics and Views on the Constitution]”, in March 2018. Generally, the Asahi Shimbun is known as a “liberal” newspaper and for being against constitutional revision by the Abe administration. Here is one of the editorial articles from the Asahi Shimbun as an example that represents the newspaper’s arguments. In the article, the writer criticized the Abe administration for not having the legitimacy to lead constitutional revision, pointing out its favoritism scandals and the cabinet members’ remarks ignoring social diversity and individual dignity.
Āru Nippon Nyūsu Netto Wāku (ANN): Terebi Asahi | All-Nippon News Network (ANN): TV Asahi
オールニッポン・ニュースネットワーク (ANN): テレビ朝日
「世論調査」(Japanese: Live Site) | "Poll"
This website provides polls that TV Asahi's news show, “報道ステーション (Hōdō Station)” , has held since 2006. The news show is a successor program of “ニュース・ステーション (News Station)”, which aired from 1985 to 2004. TV Asahi is an affiliate company of the Asahi Shimbun, and the tone of its arguments in “Hōdō Station” is regarded as “liberal”. In addition to polls regarding constitutional revision, this website contains graphs of approval/disapproval ratings of PM Abe and major political parties.
Fuji Nyūsu Nettowāku (FNN): Sankei Shimbun, Fuji Terebijon | Fuji News Network (FNN): Sankei Shimbun, Fuji Television
フジ・ニュース・ネットワーク (FNN) : 産経新聞、フジテレビション
The Sankei Shimbun company and Fuji Television are both part of the Fuji News Network (FNN) group. FNN has held a public opinion poll entitled “政治に関するFNN世論調査[FNN Public Opinion Poll on Politics]” approximately once every month, and have released poll results on this website since December 2012. The poll questionnaires have been different each time to accord with current issues but occasionally asked people’s opinions related to the constitution. For example, the poll held in December 2012 asked if the voters think the cabinet should work on constitutional revision or not (see Q7-I). The polls may be helpful if you are interested in changes in public opinion on constitutional discussion over time. The Sankei Shimbun has generally been recognized as a “conservative” newspaper and is seen as being inclined to support constitutional revision under the Abe administration via its columns. Here is one of the column examples;“内閣改造 憲法改正へ歩み止めるな 北の脅威から国民を守り抜け[Cabinet Resuffle: Don’t Stop Steps Toward Constitutitonal Revision and Protect People from the North Korean Threat]” (The Sankei Shimbun, August 4, 2017) .
Japan Nyūsu Nettowāku (JNN): TBS Terebi | Japan News Network (JNN): TBSテレビ
ジャパン・ニュース・ネットワーク (JNN): TBS Television
Japan News Network (JNN) is one of the biggest news network groups in Japan. It is composed of several television stations, including its key station, TBS (Tokyo Broadcasting System). This website provides results of polls that JNN has conducted since August 2013. The polls have focused on timely topics and occasionally contained questions related to constitutional discussion. For instance, the urgent poll that they had in September 2015 featured the security bills just approved in the Diet; by the bills, Japan became able to enact its collective self-defense right and broaden SDF mission range.
The Mainichi Shimbun has published articles about their poll results, and they are available on this web page. Their past polls are available in a list here as well. They have also regularly updated information on polls by Kyōdō News, which the Mainichi Shimbun is associated with; the list of Kyōdō News’ polls is here. Users are required to subscribe to Digital Mainichi to read some of the articles. There is no search system only for polls, and old polls are removed as new polls are added. You may find polls by typing keywords, like “憲法改正 世論調査”, in the search bar for the whole website; the search results might include regular news articles as well. The Mainichi Shimbun’s argument tone has generally been prudent in constitutional revision. Broadly, the Mainichi Shimbun is known as a “liberal” newspaper and as being critical against constitutional revision under the LDP’s leadership. Here is one example article from their editorial section, “自民党の９条改憲論議 どの条文案も問題がある [The DLP’s Constitutional Discussion: All of the Article Drafts are Problematic” (March 1, 2018).
Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei Shimbun)
「支持率を追う 日経世論調査アーカイブ」(Japanese: Live Site) | [Tracking Approval Rate: Nikkei Public Opinion Poll Archive]
The Nikkei Shimbun has regularly updated this website with results of the polls that they held multiple times per year from 1987 to 2005 and basically every month after 2006. This website also visualizes the poll results. You can reach multiple polls regarding constitutional revision to compare the results over time with keyword search by typing “憲法改正”. The Nikkei Shimbun is generally regarded as comparatively “neutral” while the audience generally sees the Asahi Shimbun as “left” and the Sankei Shimbun as “right”. The Nikkei Shimbun has encouraged constitutional discussion but criticized the Abe administration for being “dogmatic” to amend the constitution, ignoring opinions from opposition parties. Here is an example article to show their political stance, “改憲の実現にはまず環境整備を [Regulate Conditions First to Amend the Constitution]” (May 2, 2018).
「ニコニコアンケート」(Japanese: Live Site) | "Niconico Enquete"
Niconico is a Japanese video sharing platform. They send out online questionnaires to their members each month. This website includes polls held after January 2015 (older polls held before 2014 are available here). Regarding the in-total and gender-segregated results, they refer to votes from members between 18 and 49 years old. According to the website, members are mostly under 49 years old. Generally, approval rate for the Abe administration has been higher in Niconico polls than other media. Niconico broadcasts a live program to examine the poll results each time they publish a new poll result; see “ニコニコネット調査 [Niconico Net Research]”.
「何でも調査団」(Japanese: Live Site) | [The Nandemo Research Commission]
Nifty is an internet service provider which also runs a news website, Nifty News. They regularly collect votes for questionnaires from their users. The survey topics have a wide range, from hobbies to politics. The editorial staff analyzes the results and publish their reports on the surveys, introducing some voices from the voters. On February 16, 2018, they released a survey about constitutional revision. The questions and results are available with the editorial staff’s comments here. When you use the survey information from this website, you need to submit a form to get permission: the form is reachable here.
Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai (NHK) | Japan Broadcasting Corporation
「みんなの憲法」(Japanese: Live Site) | [The Constitution for Everyone]
「日本人と憲法 2017」(Japanese: PDF) | [Japanese and the Constitution]
The Japanese national public broadcasting organization, NHK, regularly have held polls about the constitution. In 2017, NHK launched a new project featuring constitutional discussion to mark the 70th anniversary of the enactment of the constitution. The project, “みんなの憲法 ([The Constitution for Everyone])”, has published significant remarks, basic information, polls, video reports, interviews and a timeline to help people understand the trend of current constitutional discussion. In the poll section, NHK separately visualized their surveys, one from 2017 and another with combined data from 2007 and 2013-2016.
Hōsō Bunka Kenkyūjo
NHK founded this research institute in 1946. They release reports on results from polls held by NHK. You can reach the reports on polls related to the constitution by typing “憲法” in the search bar. For example, the report on NHK’s 2017 poll about the constitution is available here. Also, the report on surveys about the constitution held before 2015 is accessible here; in this report, the authors comparatively analyzed the poll results from 2007 and 2013-2015.
Nippon Terebi Hōsōmō Kabushiki Gaisga (NTV): Nippon Terebi | Nippon Television Network Corporation (NTV): Nippon TV
日本テレビ放送網株式会社 (NTV): 日本テレビ
「定例世論調査」(Japanese: Live Site) | [Regular Public Opinion Polls]
Since 1974, NTV has officially been owned by the Yomiuri Group, which prints the Yomiuri Shimbun. Nippon TV publishes their poll results on this website. In the past, they have held a public opinion poll every month. This website contains a graph of the transition of the approval rate for the Abe administration since 2012. Find the latest survey information by clicking “最新データ[Latest Data]” on the top of the right corner on the website. Probably due to a glitch, the information on past polls are not reachable as of August 2018.
Shimbun Tsūshin Chōsakai
「メディア世論調査」＞「憲法改正問題に関する報道」(Japanese Live Site) | [Media Public Opinion Polls] > [Reports on Constitutional Revision]
This group has regularly held opinion polls asking people’s opinions on newspapers and media. They occasionally include questions about constitutional discussion (see “憲法改正問題に関する報道[Reports on Constitutional Discussion]”). The poll results are available on this website. For example, a 2016 poll contains questions such as “what media do you use to get information about constitutional revision from?”, “which media’s report about constitutional revision is the easiest to understand?”, and “what do you expect from the media regarding reports on constitutional revision?”
「世論調査の質問と回答」(Japanese: Live Site) | [Public Opinion Polls: Questions and Answers]
The Yomiuri Shimbun has published their poll results on this web page. They occasionally include a question or some questions regarding the constitution in their monthly poll, which follows current political circumstances. In April 2018, they held a special poll that specifically focused on the constitution; the information about the poll is available here. The Yomiuri Shimbun has argued for constitutional revision to provide constitutional legitimacy to the SDF, fundamentally accepting the LDP’s 2012 draft; see for example this editiorial column, “憲法記念日 自衛隊違憲論の払拭を図れ [Constitution Memorial Day: Wipe Out Suspicion of the SDF’s Legality]” (March 3, 2018).