For decades, policymakers have relied on test-based accountability to improve student achievement and reduce racial and socioeconomic achievement gaps. However, research has shown that these accountability programs have been blunt tools. They have often created undesirable types of test preparation, resulting in inflated score gains. In many cases, they have produced modest gains, or no gains at all, in actual student achievement.
The Education Accountability Project conducts research that can guide the development of improved test-based accountability systems—programs that are more effective and have fewer side-effects. Current projects include: