Michael J. Hiscox is the Clarence Dillon Professor of International Affairs at Harvard University. He received his B. Econ. (First Class Honours) from the University of Sydney in 1989 and his Ph.D in Government from Harvard University in 1997. He was Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of California, San Diego, from 1997 to 2001. From 2001 until 2005 he was the John L. Loeb Associate Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard. His research focuses on international trade, foreign investment, immigration, development, and private sector standards for ethical and environmentally responsible practices. He has written a number of articles for leading scholarly journals, including the American Political Science Review, International Organization, and the Journal of Economic History. He is also the author of two books. The first book, International Trade and Political Conflict, was published by Princeton University Press in 2002 and won the William H. Riker Prize for the best book in political economy that year. His second book, High Stakes: The Political Economy of U.S, Trade Sanctions, 1950-2000, will be published in 2009 by Cambridge University Press. His recent papers have addressed the measurement of barriers to international trade, attitudes toward trade and immigration among voters, connections between globalization and democratization, and questions concerning labor and environmental standards and the ethical labeling of traded products. Current projects include field experiments testing the impact of ethical certification and labeling programs in developing countries and consumer demand for ethically labeled products.