Superti, Chiara and Gidron, Noam: Social Inclusiveness or Political Alienation?The Two Faces of Military Service in Israel.

(PDF) Political institutions may have diverse, even contrasting, effects on patterns of political behavior, as with the case of the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF). 

On the one hand, the IDF generates a sense of social cohesion and facilitates political  integration, due to its socially inclusive nature. On the other hand, it exposes individuals to situations of severe violence, which dampen future political participation. Through exploring the multifaceted effects of military service, we seek to shed new light on how institutional experiences shape the relations between citizens and the state.