Egyptian Statue LoPresti

Ancient Egyptian Statues were used as a method of divination in the New and Late Kingdom periods of Egypt. Those seeking answers would approach the statue with yay or nay style inscriptions and the statue would be brought forward or backwards signalling the appropriate course of action. This system was thus fraught with human influences as the priest themselves had great control over the movements of the statues. For those who want to learn more about the specifics of this form of divination can follow the link here.

As earlier mentioned this method while thought as the will of the gods, more accurately fits into the human branch of predictive systems. The priest themselves were considered practitioners of magic (heka) and their will was often reflected in these predictions. There is also strong evidence that corruption often tilted the will of the gods, in this case literally. This predictive system also lacked clear accounts of accuracy that would be necessary to hone its effectiveness. As it were, only the predictions that fit with the will of the Pharaohs were recorded within the walls of the temples.

These statues however were used extensively across the social hierarchy, from farmers to Pharaohs. Common people could look to divinations to answer questions about land divides and accuracy of payments while Pharaohs seeked to cement their status as legitimate divine rulers. This system in essence consolidated a large amount of power in the priest who were responsible for the ritualistic care of the statues.

For this system to hold true it would require outcomes to be set by a higher power. So while those asking question may see the choices as free will, it would actually require a deterministic system for predictions as a whole to hold true. If individual actions were to shape the future as their own distinct cascading branches of cause and effect there would be no method of divination conceivable to predict outcomes. Thus then it would seem a rigorous adherence to cause and effect requires that a deterministic view be held. From this it can be seen that while many seeking answers would view the system as free will, it would require determinism if the future was actually be known.