Colonial Clues

Beware the "long s"

The most frequent colonial-era convention you will encounter is likely the "long s," the letterform that looks a lot like a lowercase f.

This was practiced throughout the colonial period and beyond. Here are two examples from 1820:

Original Transcription
perhaps to Laziness
been lost by sickness.


Common “misspellings” and writing conventions

You do not need to correct or modernize mispellings or general contractions and abbreviations.

Original Modern Spelling Transcription
ye the ye
ye the


yt that


Do. ditto Do.
Do ditto Do