Connectives Intervention with Elementary Grade Students

Teaching connectives to bilingual Spanish-English second-graders

In collaboration with Diane August (Center for Applied Linguistics), Chris Barr (University of Houston), & Lauren Artzi (Center for Applied Linguistics), this study was conducted as part of the VIAS: Vocabulary Instruction and Assessment for Spanish Speakers, a subproject of the NIH-funded project entitled, Acquisition of Vocabulary in English (AVE).This project developed and tested a vocabulary intervention as part of a larger vocabulary study designed to improve language and literacy skills in Spanish/English bilingual second graders. An assessment of text connectives for early primary school students, as well as a five-week intervention that demonstrated promising results are part of the products of this project.

For more information about the larger project, please visit

Funding Source

The Vocabulary Instruction and Assessment for Spanish Speakers (VIAS) project was a 5-year program of research funded through grants from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and the U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences (IES). The grants supported research on the literacy and language development of Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) conducted by investigators at the Center for Applied Linguistics and its collaborators, Harvard UniversityBoston Collegethe University of Connecticut, and the University of Houston.

Presentations & Publications

 Uccelli, P., Rosenthal, F., August, D., Barr, C., Artzi, L. & Massoud, L. (2012). The Acquisition of Vocabulary in English Grammatical Morphemes Assessment (AVEGMA). Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Uccelli, P., Barr,C., Artzi, L., Rosenthal, F., & August, D. (2012) Play, Multimodality, and Bilingualism in Learning Connectives: Promising Findings. Paper presented at the Symposioum Words, Palabras, /: Effect of Vocabulary on Literacy of ELLs from Pre-K through Grade Two, AERA, Vancouver.