Person-Environment Fit Theory


Person-Environment Psychology suggests that a reciprocal relationship exists between people and environments. It focuses on people influencing their work environments and the work environments affecting the people in them.


Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: This theory is very well-known in the person-environment fit category. It answers three fundamental questions: What characteristics of a person and environment lead to positive and negative vocational outcomes?; What attributes lead to career stability based on person and environment? Based on these questions, what are the most effective strategies in assisting people with career concerns?


Work Adjustment Theory: This theory offers several formal propositions that address the work adjustment process. These propositions specify aspects of person-work environment constructs that predict job satisfaction and retention. This theory identifies two sets of dimensions - abilities in relation to specific jobs and personal needs with regard to work values.