Recommendation Rec(2002)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the protection of women against violence 1
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 30 April 2002 at the 794th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)
The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe,
Reaffirming that violence towards women is the result of an imbalance of power between men and women and is leading to serious discrimination against the female sex, both within society and within the family;
Affirming that violence against women both violates and impairs or nullifies the enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental freedoms;
Noting that violence against women constitutes a violation of their physical, psychological and/or sexual integrity;
Noting with concern that women are often subjected to multiple discrimination on ground of their gender as well as their origin, including as victims of traditional or customary practices inconsistent with their human rights and fundamental freedoms.