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Little is known about intimate partner violence (IPV) and depression among low income, urban African American and Hispanic adolescent females.
Interviews with 102 urban African American and Hispanic adolescent females examined physical abuse, emotional/verbal abuse, and threats, and their unique and combined associations with depression.
One-quarter of the sample experienced all three types of abuse. Non-physical forms of IPV were significantly associated with depression.
Some urban adolescent females from lower income households experience high rates of IPV. Physical and non-physical forms of IPV are important in understanding and responding to depression in this population.