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Chejudo Yohaeng Ilchi (Travelogue to Cheju)
Kim SJ ed. Chejudo Yohaeng Ilchi (Travelogue to Cheju). Seoul, Korea: Minsokwon; 2016. Website LinkAbstract

『제주도여행일지』는 1909년 5월10일에서 9월 27일까지 이름을 알 수 없는 한 일본인이 기록한 그림일기이다.
이 기간 일기의 저자와 그 일행은 도쿄를 떠나 시모노세키에서 배를 타고 부산과 목포를 거쳐 제주도에 도착하여 제주도 산간지역에 이미 설치되어 있던 세군데의 표고버섯재배장을 둘러보고 표고버섯 재배실험을 한 후 수확한 표고버섯을 가지고 제주도를 떠나 일본으로 되돌아왔다. 저자는 여행 중 보고 경험한 것들은 물론, 제주도의 산천과 함께 표고버섯 재배과정을 자세히 그림과 글로 기록하였다. 대한제국이 공식적으로 일본의 식민지가 되기 직전 일본의 소자본가들이 식민경영에 뛰어드는 구체적인 사례를 보여주는 자료이면서 당시 제주도의 생활상과 민속연구에도 도움을 줄 수 있는 보기드문 자료이다.

Park Chung Hee and Modern Korea: The Roots of Militarism, 1866–1945
Eckert CJ. Park Chung Hee and Modern Korea: The Roots of Militarism, 1866–1945. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 2016. Website LinkAbstract

 

For South Koreans, the twenty years from the early 1960s to late 1970s were the best and worst of times—a period of unprecedented economic growth and of political oppression that deepened as prosperity spread. In this masterly account, Carter J. Eckert finds the roots of South Korea’s dramatic socioeconomic transformation in the country’s long history of militarization—a history personified in South Korea’s paramount leader, Park Chung Hee.

The first volume of a comprehensive two-part history, Park Chung Hee and Modern Korea: The Roots of Militarism, 1866–1945 reveals how the foundations of the dynamic but strongly authoritarian Korean state that emerged under Park were laid during the period of Japanese occupation. As a cadet in the Manchurian Military Academy, Park and his fellow officers absorbed the Imperial Japanese Army’s ethos of victory at all costs and absolute obedience to authority. Japanese military culture decisively shaped Korea’s postwar generation of military leaders. When Park seized power in an army coup in 1961, he brought this training and mentality to bear on the project of Korean modernization.

Korean society under Park exuded a distinctively martial character, Eckert shows. Its hallmarks included the belief that the army should intervene in politics in times of crisis; that a central authority should plan and monitor the country’s economic system; that the Korean people’s “can do” spirit would allow them to overcome any challenge; and that the state should maintain a strong disciplinary presence in society, reserving the right to use violence to maintain order.

Carter J. Eckert is Yoon Se Young Professor of Korean History at Harvard University.

 

Protest Dialectics: State Repression and South Korea's Democracy Movement, 1970-1979
Chang PY. Protest Dialectics: State Repression and South Korea's Democracy Movement, 1970-1979. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press; 2015 pp. 312. WebsiteAbstract

1970s South Korea is characterized by many as the "dark age for democracy." Most scholarship on South Korea's democracy movement and civil society has focused on the "student revolution" in 1960 and the large protest cycles in the 1980s which were followed by Korea's transition to democracy in 1987. But in his groundbreaking work of political and social history of 1970s South Korea, Paul Chang highlights the importance of understanding the emergence and evolution of the democracy movement in this oft-ignored decade.

Protest Dialectics journeys back to 1970s South Korea and provides readers with an in-depth understanding of the numerous events in the 1970s that laid the groundwork for the 1980s democracy movement and the formation of civil society today. Chang shows how the narrative of the 1970s as democracy's "dark age" obfuscates the important material and discursive developments that became the foundations for the movement in the 1980s which, in turn, paved the way for the institutionalization of civil society after transition in 1987. To correct for these oversights in the literature and to better understand the origins of South Korea's vibrant social movement sector this book presents a comprehensive analysis of the emergence and evolution of the democracy movement in the 1970s.

Wrongful Deaths: Selected Inquest Records from Nineteenth-Century Korea
Kim SJ, Kim J. Wrongful Deaths: Selected Inquest Records from Nineteenth-Century Korea. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press; 2014 pp. 280. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This collection presents and analyzes inquest records that tell the stories of ordinary Korean people under the Choson court (1392-1910). Extending the study of this period, usually limited to elites, into the realm of everyday life, each inquest record includes a detailed postmortem examination and features testimony from everyone directly or indirectly related to the incident. The result is an amazingly vivid, colloquial account of the vibrant, multifaceted societal and legal cultures of early modern Korea. Sun Joo Kim is the Harvard-Yenching Professor of Korean History at Harvard University. Jungwon Kim is assistant professor of Korean history at Columbia University. “This book provides an extremely rare view into social interactions among people of quite different classes in Choson Korea. Points of interest abound.”—Robert E. Hegel, Washington University, St. Louis "This is an important contribution that significantly advances our knowledge of nineteenth-century Korean legal history. The translated cases shine by being able to introduce daily struggles of nonelites and illustrate the complex dynamics of the judiciary system during the last century of the Choson dynasty." - Jisoo Kim, George Washington University

Songs of Seoul: An Ethnography of Voice and Voicing in Christian South Korea
Harkness N. Songs of Seoul: An Ethnography of Voice and Voicing in Christian South Korea. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press; 2013 pp. 320. Website LinkAbstract
Songs of Seoul is an ethnographic study of voice in South Korea, where the performance of Western opera, art songs, and choral music is an overwhelmingly Evangelical Christian enterprise. Drawing on fieldwork in churches, concert halls, and schools of music, Harkness argues that the European-style classical voice has become a specifically Christian emblem of South Korean prosperity. By cultivating certain qualities of voice and suppressing others, Korean Christians strive to personally embody the social transformations promised by their religion: from superstition to enlightenment; from dictatorship to democracy; from sickness to health; from poverty to wealth; from dirtiness to cleanliness; from sadness to joy; from suffering to grace. Tackling the problematic of voice in anthropology and across a number of disciplines, Songs of Seoul develops an innovative semiotic approach to connecting the materiality of body and sound, the social life of speech and song, and the cultural voicing of perspective and personhood.
New Perspectives on Early Korean Art: From Silla to Koryŏ
Kim Y-mi ed. New Perspectives on Early Korean Art: From Silla to Koryŏ. Cambridge, MA: Korea Institute, Harvard University; 2013.Abstract
Volumes in the Early Korea Project Occasional Series focus on central issues related to the study of early Korean history and archaeology. This volume includes discussion of a variety of artworks, ranging from gold adornments found in Silla tombs to Koryŏ Buddhist paintings scattered in modern museum and private collections, that provide insight into the religious practices, aesthetics, cross-cultural exchanges, and everyday life of the people who made, used, appreciated, and circulated them. Based on thorough investigations of these artworks, their social context, and related texts, the five chapters in this book elucidate the cross-cultural interactions between the peoples and regions of Korea, China and South and Southeast Asia during the Silla to Koryŏ periods. Copyright © 2013 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College Printed in Seoul, Korea by Haingraph Co., Ltd. Distributed by the University of Hawai'i Press
The Han Commanderies in Early Korean History
Byington ME ed. The Han Commanderies in Early Korean History. Cambridge, MA: Korea Institute, Harvard University; 2013.Abstract
Volumes in the Early Korea Project Occasional Series focus on central issues related to the study of early Korean history and archaeology. The present volume treats that period of the history of the Korean peninsula characterized by the presence of commanderies first established by the Chinese Han empire in 108 B.C. The ten chapters of this volume address such topics as the societies that preceded the commanderies, the history and material culture of the commanderies, particularly of Lelang, the political and cultural influence the commanderies exerted upon surrounding regions, and the structural character of the commanderies in Korean viewed in broad perspective. Copyright © 2013 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College Printed in Seoul, Korea by Haingraph Co., Ltd. Distributed by the University of Hawai'i Press
Voice from the North: Resurrecting Regional Identity Through the Life and Work of Yi Sihang (1672–1736)
Kim SJ. Voice from the North: Resurrecting Regional Identity Through the Life and Work of Yi Sihang (1672–1736). Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press; 2013 pp. 264.Abstract
"Voice from the North" resurrects the forgotten historical memory of the people and region in late Choson Korea while also enriching the social history of the country. Sun Joo Kim accomplishes this by examining the life and work of Yi Sihang, a historically obscure person from a hinterland in Korea's northwestern region who was also a member of the literati. Unlike many of his contemporaries, Yi Sihang left numerous writings on his region's history and culture, and on the political and social discrimination that he and others in his region faced from the central elite. This work explores a regional history and culture through the frames of microhistory and historical memory. Kim criticizes the historiographical problem of "otherizing" the northern region and fills a gap in Korean historiography—the lack of historical study of the northern region from a regional perspective, P'yongan Province in particular. The biographical format of this work engages readers in the investigation of a person's life within the changing world of his time and also creates a space where private and public intersect. Kim places Yi Sihang at the center of the historical stage while describing, analyzing, and reconstructing the world around him through his life story.
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