Publications by Year: 2005

Charter for the Rights of Widows. Widows for Peace Through Democracy; 2005.Abstract

A Draft Protocol for adaptation to specific country, legal, social, cultural and economic situations.

The Articles below describe acts and attitudes which are, in most countries, already proscribed under the general principles of international laws ratified by governments.  Here they are spelled out specifically.

It is hoped it will be a useful lobbying tool for widows’ groups, women’s organisations, and inform the relevant Ministries (Women, Justice, Health etc.) of the principle issues.

Encuesta demográfica y de salud materna e infantil "ENDEMAIN". Quito: CEPAR - Centro de Estudios de Población y Desarrollo Social; 2005 pp. 146. Publisher's VersionAbstract

El Centro de Estudios de Población y Desarrollo Social (CEPAR), pone a disposición del país, el Informe de la Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Materna e Infantil 2004 (ENDEMAIN 2004), correspondiente a la provincia de Pichincha y ciudad de Quito, conducida bajo la responsabilidad directa de la institución y la participación activa del Comité Técnico de la encuesta, integrado por: Ministerio de Salud Pública (MSP), Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), Agencia para el Desarrollo Internacional de los Estados Unidos (USAID), Fondo Japonés, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID), Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas (UNFPA), Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (UNICEF), Fundación Observatorio Social del Ecuador (OSE), Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo de la Mujer (UNIFEM), y Sistema Integrado de Indicadores Sociales del Ecuador (STFS-SIISE), algunas de ellas brindaron también el apoyo económico para realizar la investigación. En todo este proceso, como en encuestas anteriores, se contó con la asistencia técnica de la División de Salud Reproductiva de los Centros para el Control y Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC) de Atlanta, y por primera vez, del Proyecto MEASURE de la Universidad de Carolina del Norte.

Council of Europe Action Plan 2005. Council of Europe. 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

We, Heads of State and Government of the Member States of the Council of Europe, meeting in Warsaw on 16 and 17 May 2005, have outlined the following action plan laying down the principal tasks of the Council of Europe in the coming years.


1. Ensuring the continued effectiveness of the European Convention on Human Rights

◦   We shall ensure the long-term effectiveness of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms by all appropriate means. To this end we shall provide the European Court of Human Rights with the necessary support and implement all the reform measures adopted at the 114th Session of the Committee of Ministers in May 2004, in accordance with all the modalities foreseen. This includes, as envisaged, the ratification of Protocol No. 14 to the Convention, which is essential for the future effectiveness of the European Convention on Human Rights.

Legislative Guide For The Protocol To Prevent, Suppress And Punish Trafficking In Persons, Especially Women And Children. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Fourth publication under "FREE Online Download": Download the Trafficking in Persons Protocol guide only

The main purpose of the legislative guides is to assist States seeking to ratify or implement the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its supplementary Protocols.

The guides lay out the basic requirements of the Convention and the Protocols thereto, as well as the issues that each State party must address, while furnishing a range of options and examples that national drafters may wish to consider as they try to implement the Convention and its Protocols.

The guides have been drafted to accommodate different legal traditions and varying levels of institutional development and provide, where available, implementation options.

The present legislative guides are the product of a broad participatory process involving invaluable input from numerous experts, institutions and government representatives from all regions of the world, who contributed to the guides a wealth of knowledge and expertise, together with significant enthusiasm and personal and professional commitment.

Addressing Violence against Women and Achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO) Department of Gender, Women and Health; 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Violence against women hinders progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This document highlights the connections between the MDGs and the prevention of violence against women by showing how: a) working towards the MDGs will reduce violence against women; and b) preventing violence against women will contribute to achieving the MDGs. It provides recommendations to address violence against women and promote progress towards the 8 MDGs.

Prevention of Domestic Violence Act, No.34. Parliament of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

An act to provide for the prevention of any act of domestic violence and for matters connected therewith or incidental in Sri Lanka.

Researching Violence Against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists. World Health Organization and Program for Appropriate Technology in Health; 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Produced by PATH and the World Health Organization, this guide draws on the experience of researchers from more than 40 countries and presents methods for performing surveys and qualitative research on gender-based violence in low-resource settings. It covers all aspects of the research process, from study design to training field workers. It also describes ways to use findings to influence decision-makers. Most important, it presents clear guidelines for protecting the safety of women participating in the research.

Each chapter can be viewed or downloaded separately under the section "INDIVIDUAL CHAPTERS".

Sagot M. The Critical Path of Women Affected by Family Violence in Latin America: Case Studies From 10 Countries. Violence Against Women. 2005;11 :1292-1318. Publisher's VersionAbstract

*The full article is available through this link. This article may be available free of charge to those with university credentials.

This research examined the critical path followed by women from 10 Latin American countries who suffer family violence. It identified the personal and social processes women experience as a result of their help-seeking actions and the kinds of responses found at local services. The study used an action-oriented qualitative methodology with a standard research protocol that was translated and adapted for the various ethnic groups. The results provided community actors with an understanding of the barriers women face in overcoming the obstacles, humiliation, and inadequate responses they encounter along their critical paths.

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women. World Health Organization; 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Emphasis on Chapter 9: Women's coping strategies and responses to physical violence by intimate partners

WHO’s landmark study documents violence against women by their intimate partners. This report presents the initial results based on evidence collected from over 24,000 women in 10 countries. The report culminates in 15 recommendations to strengthen national commitment and action on violence against women by promoting primary prevention, harnessing education systems, strengthening the health sector’s response, supporting women living with violence, sensitizing criminal justice systems, undertaking research and enhancing collaboration.

CEDAW. Case of A.T. v. Hungary. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW); 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract


The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against women held that State party's obligations extend to prevention of, and protection from, violence against women and remain unfulfilled in the instant case and constitute a violation of the author's human rights and fundamental freedoms, particularly her right to security of person; Violation of articles 5(a) and 16, traditional attitudes contribute to violence against women; facts of the communication reveal aspects of the relationships between the sexes and attitudes towards women; impossibility to ask for a restraining or protection order or to flee to a shelter.

Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (Explanatory Report). Council of Europe. 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

1.   Trafficking in human beings is a major problem in Europe today. Annually, thousands of people, largely women and children, fall victim to trafficking for sexual exploitation or other purposes, whether in their own countries or abroad. All indicators point to an increase in victim numbers. Action to combat trafficking in human beings is receiving worldwide attention because trafficking threatens the human rights and the fundamental values of democratic societies. 

2.   Action to combat this persistent assault on humanity is one of a number of fronts on which the Council of Europe is battling on behalf of human rights and human dignity.

Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. Council of Europe; 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Trafficking in human beings violates the rights and affects the lives of countless people in Europe and beyond. The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, which entered into force on 1 February 2008, aims to prevent trafficking in human beings, protect victims of trafficking, prosecute traffickers, and promote co-ordination of national actions and international co-operation. The countries which have signed up to the Convention are monitored by the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA). The Council of Europe also supports governments in the implementation of the Convention and the recommendations emerging from its monitoring process.

Rude-Antoine E. Forced Marriages in Council of Europe member States. 2005. Publisher's VersionAbstract

CDEG (2005) 1 

The Council of Europe is a political organisation which was founded on 5 May 1949 by ten European countries in order to promote greater unity between its members. It now numbers 46 Euro- pean states.1 The main aims of the Or- ganisation are to promote democracy, human rights and the rule of law, and to develop common responses to political, social, cultural and legal challenges in its member states. Since 1989 it has inte- grated most of the countries of central and eastern Europe and supported them in their efforts to implement and con- solidate their political, legal and admin- istrative reforms.